Bid Book » Book1 » Environment and Meteorology » Environmental Management System For The Games
Objectives, goals and priorities
The Moscow OCOG will implement the ISO 14001-based Environmental Management System. The EMS fully conforms to both the environmental chapter of the Moscow City’s Master Plan for Development, and the Ecological Policy up to 2020, both of which define the objectives, goals and priorities of the environmental and natural resource management activity of the City. The EMS will also conform to the effective mid-term programmes addressing first priority issues of ensuring sustainable development and environmental improvement of the City.
Moscow’s primary environmental objectives are as follows:
- Reduction of the negative impact of motor transport on ambient air.
- Disposal of solid and industrial waste, separate collection of solid waste and development of waste re-cycling facilities.
- Provision of high quality drinking water to the population, ensuring the standard quality water in the Moscow River and its tributaries.
- Enlarging the natural green areas and development of the system of specially protected city areas.
- Protection of the geological environment from adverse anthropogenic impacts.
- Increasing the environmental awareness and involvement of local residents in the city’s environment protection programmes.
- Development of a comprehensive system for monitoring the city’s ecological situation for every element of the natural environment.
Action planShould Moscow be elected as the Host City, the Moscow OCOG Environmental Commission will develop a key-point Action Plan. The plan is to specify the priorities and necessary measures into a single comprehensive programme linked to the Games’ requirements and schedule. Some elements of this plan are further described under various headings of this theme.
Collaboration with environmental public authorities and NGOs
Moscow 2012 has secured the full support of the federal and city authorities and the overwhelming majority of the population. In addition, the bid faces no opposition from political parties or local environmental organisations. The Moscow OCOG expects to have no problem in establishing a good working relationship with both the Russian environmental public authorities and non-governmental organisations to ensure the successful staging of the Games in conformity with the IOC environmental requirements.
Minimisation of environmental impact from transportation and construction Motor transport is one of the major contributors to ambient air pollution in all large cities, including Moscow. The following measures are being implemented to reduce the negative impact of these emissions:
- Developing an intercity network of highways with anti-noise barriers installed in residential areas.
- Optimising transport flows and parking lots, traffic limiting within the city centre.
- Equipping the city public ground transport with exhaust neutralisers.
- Developing environmentally friendly types of transport and promoting the application of cleaner motor fuels including natural gas.
Solid waste handling, sewage treatment and energy management
There is a well-developed system of solid waste collection, removal and treatment in Moscow. This system also copes successfully with sanitary waste collection and disposal after large events in the City. Further improvement of the system aims at promoting separate waste collection and increasing the waste reuse rate so as to turning waste into regenerated materials and energy.
The centralised sewage system ensures effective sewage collection and treatment. Stationary and mobile non-flush toilets are widely used in places of temporary mass gatherings. The measures aimed at protection and cleanup of the city river basin include transition to water-saving technologies and full treatment of household waste water prior to release in waterways. The objective is to achieve, by 2010, standards applicable to quality of the waste water released into reservoirs of communal use.
Moscow is Russia’s largest power consumer. There is a welldeveloped centralised system of electricity and heat supply in the City based on conventional energy sources, mainly natural gas. The aggregate capacity of the Moscow electric power stations exceeds 12 GW. The city’s heat supply system comprises 13 heat and power centres, 63 district and cluster heat stations, and about 2,000 boilerhouses. Due to the traditionally established power system and the natural climate conditions of Moscow, the use of alternative energy sources on a commercial scale is not feasible. Mosenergo (the Moscow Energy Co) has implemented the «Programme for Environment Protection in the Energy Sector up to the year 2010», already resulting in a two-fold decrease in nitrogen oxides and vanadium pentoxide emissions.
Protection of significant features of natural environment and cultural heritage
Virtually all the Moscow Olympic competition and non-competition venues, both existing and to be built, are located near but outside the ecologically and culturally sensitive areas. The only exception is the Krylatskoye Sports Complex situated within the Moskvoretsky (Moscow River) Natural Park. The Complex has special access roads and strict regulations for visitors, including traffic limitation and specially equipped parking facilities.
The Bitza Equestrian Centre flanks the Bitsevsky Wood Natural Park and is separated from it by fencing. The Equestrian competitions are held outside the park and therefore do not disturb the natural setting and environment.
The Moscow Centre – the Red Square and Kremlin Ensemble – is a UNESCO Cultural Heritage site. This famous historical and cultural icon of Moscow will provide Olympic guests, athletes and other visitors with a memorable and unique aspect of the Games. We envision no negative environmental impact of these national treasures.
Environmental awareness programmes
Ecological education is incorporated into the entire Moscow education system ranging from pre-school to higher educational institutions. Currently there are over 800 city schools with environmental programmes and over 100 nongovernmental organisations in the city dealing with environmental education. The Moscow Association for Ecological Education and the Ecological Education and Awareness Centre are fully operational and already in use by students and educators.
In 2000, the Moscow Environment Atlas – the first official cartography document describing the environmental state of the City – was published. An electronic map has also been developed and made available to Internet users. Six electronic boards have been installed around the City to display environment monitoring data in real time mode. During the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games this information will be available for citizens, athletes and guests of the Capital.
To raise awareness and involve a wider range of city residents in environment protection programmes, the State Darwin Museum initiated various environmental-subject festivals. For example, the Museum has already staged World Environment Day, International Earth Day, and World Water Day. The Moscow annual ecology festival was established in 2002. Should Moscow be elected as the Host City, all the above programmes and events will be conducted in the context of preparation for the staging the Olympic Games.