Book 1
Concept and Legacy
Political and Economic Climate
Legal Aspects
Immigration Formalities
Environment and Meteorology
Finance
Marketing

Book 2
Sport and Venues - Intro
    Sport and Venues - Part 1
    Sport and Venues - Part 2
Paralympic Games
Olympic Village

Book 3
Medical Services
Security
Accommodation
Transport
Technology
Media Operations
Olympism and Culture

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Bid Book » Book1 » Environment and Meteorology » Drinking Water

Moscow is supplied with water from the system of artificial water reservoirs located in the Moscow River and Volga River basins. The quality control of the drinking water is managed in a multi-stage mode. The tests are made by industrial laboratories of the municipallyowned enterprise «Mosvodokanal», that operates the Moscow centralized water supply system, and by an independent specialised analytical centre. The state control is managed by the Centre for State Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance of Moscow.

According to the methodology adopted for Moscow, some 150 physico-chemical and 11 micro-biological constituents are measured, including metals – 31 elements; chlorine organic compounds, including trihalogenmethanes – up to 24 substances; polyaromatic hydrocarbons – up to 14 compounds; and pesticides – 22 compounds. The control over major physical and chemical characteristics is managed automatically in the instantaneous stream flow by water quality analysers.

The drinking water quality meets the standards in force. The Russian federal regulation for the water quality is regularly revised to ensure its harmonization with the Directive 98/83/EC standards, including those planned for but not yet implemented. The Moscow City Government is implementing planned measures on systematic reconstruction and up-grading of waterworks. This includes application of such water purification methods as ozonization, activated carbon sorption and membrane filtration, which will make possible by 2012 to guarantee meeting the European requirements for drinking water quality. It should be noted that the Russian standards for a number of water contaminants (i.e. cadmium, copper) are stricter than those of the EU.

The average measures (July - August, 2000-04) of major contaminants in the city’s drinking water are given in the table below compared with respective maximal tolerance concentrations (MTCs) effective in the Russian Federation:

Agent Average (mg/l) MTCs (mg/l) Testing method
Turbidity 0.5 1.5 Photometric
Permanganate oxidizability 4.0 5.0 Titrimetric
Nitrates (NO3) 3.6 45.0 Photometric
Nitrites (NO2) 0.015 3.0 Photometric
Aluminium 0.14 0.5 (0.2)* Photometric
Iron 0.09 0.3 Photometric
Copper 0.0017 1.0 Spectrophotometric
Plumbum 0.0004 0.03 (0.01)* Spectrophotometric
Cadmium <0.00001 0.001 Spectrophotometric
Chloroform 0.073 0.2 (0.1)* Gas chromatographic
Bromoform <0.0005 0.1 Gas chromatographic
Dichlorobrommethane 0.0046 0.03 Gas chromatographic
Dibromchloromethane <0.0002 0.03 Gas chromatographic

* Figures in brackets represent prospective limits (to be come into force later on).

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